One way they can make a positive impact on society is by investing in economic development programs designed to achieve public policy goals, such as providing housing or employment or tackling climate change.

Improved Capital Group, a $ 4 billion New York-based asset manager, has taken this step for more than 20 years, transferring private debt and equity capital to public-good enterprises, such as New Jersey roof solar projects and mixed use at the New Orleans Ninth Ward Education and Exhibition A facility that provides affordable housing and affordable housing for the elderly. Government incentives, tax credits, and programs such as federal opportunity zones are often part of the equation as they are created by governments to encourage investment.

Improved Capital President and CEO Michael Korengold said: “We are not only providing cash refunds, we are also providing quantitative metric-based impact.

Before you invest, the company ensures that each investment meets certain impact requirements: such as creating specific jobs or demonstrating community mobilization. Once you have invested, you will need to report quarterly or annual reports on how your capital investment goals are achieving.

In addition to institutional investors such as banking and insurance, investors, including wealthy individuals and family bureaucrats, invest in a separate managed account or in a narrow representation of their purpose, Korengold said.

Banks, for example, may want to invest in a designated area that allows them to meet the requirements of the Federal Community Reform Act, but individuals may want to limit their investment to a specific state or city.

In addition to loans, investors can participate in tax-exempt “tax equity” investments in renewable energy projects, historic construction rehabilitation projects, and low-income community businesses. “In those cases, the investors will receive tax credit and other tax benefits in addition to their return on investment,” Korengold said.

Penta He recently spoke to Corgolld about investing in three areas, mainly small business, climate change and impact real estate.

Financing a small business

Since its inception, the company has served as a lender to small businesses, focusing on low-income and under-served communities, including rural areas. The organization invests in women, people of color and patriotic enterprises and climate change.

Loans are often less than US $ 5 million, which is a challenge for businesses with growth plans, says Corninggol.

Community development finance institutions operating in low-income communities generally offer very small loans, while small business investment companies and business development companies focus on higher loans, particularly over $ 10 million.

“We’ve got a lot of businesses that deserve to be financed, but they haven’t had the capital,” Correnld said.

Four years ago, the Wyoming Small Business Investment Credit Program hosted a vertically harvested hydroponic farm business in Jackson, Wyo. Vertical Harvest used the money to expand its greenhouse projects, which provide a sustainable way to grow fruits and vegetables throughout the year.

In recent years, many investors, especially individuals and families, have expressed interest in providing financial support for businesses not only in underserved areas, but also by women and people of color, says Corngeld.

“People are aware that there is a significant distribution of capital, and that solving that problem will be necessary to solve some of the social problems that are happening in the country,” said Corringgold.

Climate change finance

Funding for climate change projects is also a priority for investors. This is because of the growing number of fires, droughts, and hurricanes that need to be addressed, and these investments can be made on concrete, such as solar panels or windmills.

“People look at how to make a direct investment,” he says.

Many renewable energy projects in the US are funded by federal tax credit. Improved capital invests in such projects by financing the credits. “Instead of returning cash, [investors] Get cash and tax credits as part of their return, ”says Korengold.

The company By 2020, it has invested in renewable energy projects in the low-income, low-income communities across the US, many years of partnership with the New Jersey solar eclipse, and invested in enhanced capital America. North Bergen and Camden, NJ, for example, $ 5 million opportunity zones.

The Solar Landscape project also includes nearly $ 9 million in tax equity financing for community-based solar projects, including Edison and Woodbridge, NJ.

Impact Real Estate

Some modernized capital investments hinder climate finance and affect real estate, such as financing energy-saving projects in new and existing buildings. The real estate project could be a community-wide effort to mobilize, for example, the rebuilding and reuse of a historic building.

“We will support these projects as lenders, and we will cover the incentives,” Korengold said. “If it is a historic building, there are usually state and federal historical tax credits.”

For example, the $ 118 million redevelopment of the abandoned Copli Hospital campus was funded by Aurora, Ill. According to Enhanced Capital, the company provided a total of $ 60 million in financial support through a “Restricted Energy Credit (PACE) Assessment Project with a loan from historic Rehabilitation Tax Credits and a property from Aurora City Illinois Energy Authority. And the equity of the Illinois River Revenue to generate historic Reconstruction Tax Credits.

Correold’s tax credits to support public policy goals are backed by both Democrats and Republicans. His tax incentive ideas.

“Democrats support public policy. These programs help finance and Republicans choose a free market approach to use private capital and encourage it,” he said. “No matter what happens to better construction, these incentives can continue to be an opportunity, which will create more opportunities for influential investors.”