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When Ryan Stanton moved into his new apartment after graduating from college, he chose to buy some of the furniture needed by “Buy Now, Pay Later” suppliers, Kalana and Drape.

Instead of paying a bundle of money or putting it on a credit card, he chose to divide his fitness equipment, clothes, pillows, and watches into a fortnightly or monthly payment. Stanton felt secure in his purchases with 0% interest BNPL loans because he knew he could make the payments on time and in full.

“Buy Now, Pay Later” Loans: Also known as point-of-sale loans – give consumers the ability to pay for their purchases over a period of regular weekly or monthly payments.

If you have recently purchased on Target, Walmart, Sephora or ASOS websites, you may have noticed the BNPL option every time you log in to the exit page. The recent acquisition of Australia-based AfterPay by a well-known BNPL provider of nearly $ 30 billion indicates that BNPL providers are growing. In fact, a recent report predicts that the CB Insights industry will grow 10 to 15 times its current size by 2025.

POS loans are easy to appeal – Traditional credit cards require consumers to pay their monthly bills full and hourly or hit high interest rates and late payments, but some BNPL loans offer loans with a 0% interest rate. And there are no penalties for late payments.

But are these loans as straightforward as they seem? He talked to several financial experts to see how this new financial system could negatively impact your credit score if you make your payments on time and in full.

How some POS loans can reduce your credit score

Depending on your lender, taking a POS loan will not increase, decrease or have any effect on your credit score. Some well-known POS lenders – AfterPay, Affirm and Klarna – report some loans to credit bureaus while others do not.

“If it is reported, the missing payment will be known on your credit report for up to seven years and will negatively affect your credit score,” said Rod Griffin, executive director of consumer education and advocacy. At the same time, if the “Buy Now” later lender reports account information to lending agents such as Expansion, and manages the debt responsibly, these services can be a helpful way to build credit.

Make sure you are a BNPL provider who provides expert information on some loans. At 0% APR and 0% APR people do not report 0% APR and biennial payments or loans given the three-month payment option.

For other certification loans, the entire loan history has been reported to an expert. This means that both positive and negative payment history will not be reported to an expert and other credit bureaus. Your payment history, loan amount, length of credit, and any late payments will be reported to the expert.

If you default your checking account or make late payments, you may run the risk of reducing your credit score. However, even if you repay your POS loan on time, your credit score may be affected.

There are a few reasons why a POS loan can affect your results. For starters, there are many reasons to include your credit score, and if there are other areas that are missing, your results may be reduced even if you pay your bills on time.

Here are five reasons why your FICO score is important

  1. Payment history (35%) If you pay your past due bills on time
  2. Debts (30%) The total amount of loans and loans you use compared to your total loan limit, also known as your usage rate
  3. Length of credit history (15%) The length of time you have received credit
  4. New Credit (10%) How often to apply and open new accounts
  5. Credit mix (10%) You have a variety of credit products, including credit cards, payment loans, financial company accounts, mortgage loans, and more.

Some factors that determine your credit history are the average age of your accounts, the age of your old account and how long you have been in the account. (This is one of the reasons why many people are worried that closing credit cards could hurt their results.)

While a record of timely payments can increase your credit, it can also damage your results by using the result [BNPL] Service, says Leslie Tyne, founder and managing director of the Thai Law Group. Every purchase you make with a POS loan will be considered a separate account on your credit report as it closes after you pay your balance. These loans are short-lived (generally six weeks) and can significantly reduce the average life of your loan history – especially if you are a regular borrower.

Since your FICO credit score is 15% depending on the length of your credit history, Tine explains that taking POS loans over and over again can reduce your credit score and reduce your credit score.

On credit karma, Affirm has a rating of 2.9 stars, and critics have complained that it has affected their credit score, even though it is in good shape.

»Each loan, large or small, is considered a separate account in your professional credit report. I used Affirm about 15 times to use their 0% cash supply. It’s amazing! In my credit file, the average accounting age has been reduced from 11 years to 2 years. This will negatively affect your credit score. Be careful, ”wrote one reviewer.

Check out how the loans can affect users’ credit scores in the help section, noting how much credit you have used, how often you have received a loan, late payments and how it can affect your payment history with Afrim.

Do you want a BNPL loan that does not affect your credit score?

Each BNPL loan contains credit checks and reports separately to credit bureaus.

Repayment does not carry out any credit check, making it a viable option for people with poor or poor credit and difficulty accessing credit (and does not improve your credit score). It does not provide loans to credit bureaus.

If you take a “Pay by 4” loan or a “loan within 30 days”, Clara will conduct a soft loan check, and if you sign up for a long-term loan, you will face a tough question. In long-term loans, it reports late payments to the credit bureaus.

You will not be affected if you take out a mortgage loan with two weeks’ payments or loans with 0% APR and people are given a three-month payment option with 0% APR. If you take out a long-term loan, the loan will be reported to an expert.

Make sure you are clear on the terms and conditions before you take out any BNPL loans, so understand the interest rate and repayment schedule.

Provide a point for regularly reviewing your credit report

Everyone should be in the habit of reviewing their credit reports regularly, especially if they are opening a new financial product, whether it is a POS loan or a new credit card.

Due to the epidemic, each of the three credit bureaus – Expert, Ecufax and Transunion – now submits one free credit report every week. (They each provide one free report each year.) To request your credit report from one of the bureaucracies, go to an annual credit report authorized by federal law. If you have a guaranteed loan, you may want to ask for your professional credit report.

There are also many free services that allow you to track your credit score. Most credit card companies allow you to check your results on their apps or websites. You can also use a free credit monitoring program such as CreditWise from Capital or Expert Free Credit Tracking.

Signing up for a POS loan does not necessarily improve your credit score, there are a few quick ways to improve it. Experian Boost, for example, is a free service that provides consumers with the ability to link their consumption and withdrawal accounts to their Expert Credit Report. This means that if you are up to date on your internet, water or Netflix® account, you can see your FICO results improve.

at last

Finally, POS loans can have an unexpected effect on your credit score. If you have not read the terms and conditions of your particular loan, you may be surprised to learn that even when you pay your bills on time and in full, your credit score may be reduced as a result of these short-term loans. Stay tuned for the length of your credit history.

When Stanton repays the Clarina and postpaid loans (both unreported to the credit bureaus), he still has one guaranteed loan to pay – an expert loan. Stanton did not see any changes in VantageCorc last year, but when he learned of the potential impact of the loan, he said:

Correction – This article has been updated to adjust the amount you paid to purchase AfterPay.

Editorial Note: The comments, analyzes, reviews or recommendations described in this article are for editorial staff only and are not reviewed, endorsed or otherwise approved by any third party.